Mercedes-Benz Citaro Hybrid with Supercapacitors – 2017 Busworld Europe

Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid

The hybrid system offers up to 8.5 percent lower fuel consumption than the conventional diesel-powered Citaro.

Daimler Buses had world debuted its Citaro Hybrid range of urban buses under the Mercedes-Benz marque at the 2017 Busworld Europe, Kortrijk in Belgium. The company has now made the hybrid technology optional for a wide range of Citaro buses fitted with both diesel and natural gas-powered engines (NGT models) in rigid, articulated, or low-entry layouts. Daimler says that it considers hybrids not as an interim technology en-route to electric drive systems, but as an efficient way to hone the ICE systems.

Also Read: Scania Interlink Low Decker Hybrid – 2017 Busworld Europe

The Citaro hybrid combines a series of energy-efficient technologies to save fuel consumption. To start with, the Intelligent Eco Steering, an electro-hydraulic steering system, operates only on demand unlike the conventional hydraulic steering systems. Next is the braking energy recuperation, by which the electric motor that assists the IC engine acts as a generator during braking and overrun phases.

Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid

MB Citaro Hybrid features twin-modules supercapacitors (2 Ah total capacity) containing 16 double layer capacitors at a space-saving location over the roof.

The energy thus generated is then stored in double layer capacitors called as `supercaps´ (aka supercapacitors) that are characterized by high power density. They are best suited for high power peaks and quick changeover between charging and discharging during start/stop cycles in typical city bus operation. Daimler has ideally placed the twin-modules supercapacitors (2 Ah total capacity) containing 16 double layer capacitors at a space-saving location over the roof. A water-cooler inverter converts the DC into AC to drive the electric motor.

Also Read: Volvo 7900 Electric Hybrid City Bus: Fast Charging, HVO Fuel

The disc-shaped synchronous electric motor, on the other hand, is positioned between the IC engine and the automatic gearbox, just like the way it was done in Mercedes-Benz E-300 BlueTEC Hybrid some five years ago! In fact, this motor is used in Mercedes S-Class cars as starter motors! This straightforward design is perhaps compact and less-heavy, also effective in assisting the engine when it demands power, especially while moving off from idle. The electric motor simply reduces the engine burden, that is why there is hardly any boost to the max power and speed generated. Yet, fuel consumption is reduced in the process.

Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid

Mercedes-Benz Citaro Hybrid features Intelligent Eco Steering, an electro-hydraulic steering system. Read more here

Again like its passenger cars, Daimler has equipped the Citaro hybrid with a 48 volt energy architecture thereby eliminating any high-voltage safety restrictions in its design. The compactness of the hybrid system results in almost no loss of passenger space in the cabin. The hybrid system is compatible with Citaro´s two prime range of engines – Mercedes-Benz OM 936 G 6-cylinder in-line diesel in both vertical and horizontal layouts, and M 936 G natural gas engine used in Citaro NGT.

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Mercedes-Benz Citaro Hybrid – Image Gallery

Photos Credit: Daimler Buses

Dhiyanesh Ravichandran

Dhiyanesh is equally crazy about driving cars and writing about them. This guy loves everything with a steering wheel, so, at someday if self-driving cars take up all driving, he is sure to go nuts! He likes sedans of 90s era, esp W140 S-Class and R34 Skyline GT. Apart from usual motoring stuffs, he maintains a strong appetite for sociological perspectives on cars, their historical and cultural footprints. He owns a 1999 Fiat Siena passionately, and drives a Ford Fiesta.